E-ISSN 2602-4837
The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat Incidence of thyroid gland invasion in locally advanced laryngeal carcinoma [Tr-ENT]
Tr-ENT. 2018; 28(3): 112-115 | DOI: 10.5606/Tr-ENT.2018.03521

Incidence of thyroid gland invasion in locally advanced laryngeal carcinoma

Tuğba Naciye Doğan1, Evrim Ünsal Tuna2, Aydın Acar3, Melih Çayönü1, Süleyman Boynueğri1, Özgur Gülten4, Seçil Kayalı Dinc1, Zehra Betul Paksoy1
1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Health Sciences, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medicine Faculty of Kırşehir Ahi Evran University, Kırşehir, Turkey
3Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Health Sciences, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
4Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Balıkesir Bigadic State Hospital, Balıkesir, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: This study aims to determine the frequency of thyroid gland invasion in patients with locally advanced laryngeal carcinoma who were treated with total laryngectomy and neck dissection as well as hemi- or total thyroidectomy.
METHODS: Between April 2000 and February 2016, 127 patients (123 males, 4 females; mean age 57 years; range, 41 to 74 years) who underwent total laryngectomy and neck dissection with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed in our clinic. Patients’ demographic characteristics, preoperative tumor stage, postoperative laryngectomy pathology report, tumor invasion, neck lymph node invasion and thyroid gland invasion were evaluated.
RESULTS: In 127 patients, 43 with subglottic extension, extralaryngeal extension and cricothyroid membrane invasion underwent total or hemithyroidectomy in addition to laryngectomy and neck dissection. Squamous cell carcinoma infiltration was found in one patient (2.3%) in the thyroid gland. This patient was diagnosed as T4N1M0 in the pathological stage. Thyroid cartilage invasion and subglottic extension were detected in the preoperative evaluation.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Thyroidectomy is performed in our clinic only when subglottic extension, extralaryngeal invasion or cricothyroid membrane invasion is present. Hence, thyroid gland invasion is not common in carcinoma of the larynx. For this reason, we recommend selective thyroidectomy to protect patients from the morbidity of routine thyroidectomy.

Keywords: Laryngeal carcinoma, neck dissection, thyroidectomy; total laryngectomy

Tuğba Naciye Doğan, Evrim Ünsal Tuna, Aydın Acar, Melih Çayönü, Süleyman Boynueğri, Özgur Gülten, Seçil Kayalı Dinc, Zehra Betul Paksoy. Incidence of thyroid gland invasion in locally advanced laryngeal carcinoma. Tr-ENT. 2018; 28(3): 112-115

Corresponding Author: Melih Çayönü, Türkiye
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